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Facilitator or Consultant?


It can be hard enough to distinguish the difference between a consultant and a coach or even a mentor but what about adding in the role of Facilitator?

At Kinetic, because of the breadth of our clients industries and backgrounds and the tools we use to help, we tend to describe ourselves as facilitators working with you to problem solve- so what the difference?

A facilitator and a consultant are both roles that involve working with individuals or groups to provide guidance and support. While there may be some overlap in their functions, there are distinct differences between the two:

  1. Role and Scope:

    • Facilitator: A facilitator's primary role is to guide and manage group processes. They create a supportive environment, encourage participation, and help the group achieve its objectives. Facilitators focus on promoting effective communication, collaboration, and problem-solving within a group setting.

    • Consultant: A consultant, on the other hand, provides expert advice and recommendations to clients based on their specialized knowledge and skills. Consultants are typically hired to identify problems, develop strategies, and provide solutions to specific challenges. They may work with individuals, teams, or organizations to provide targeted expertise and often have a specific area of expertise.


2. Approach:

  • Facilitator: Facilitators adopt a neutral stance and do not provide direct solutions or advice. They focus on creating an inclusive and participatory environment where group members can contribute their ideas and perspectives. Facilitators use various techniques and tools to guide discussions, encourage collaboration, and help the group reach consensus or make decisions collectively.

  • Consultant: Consultants are hired for their expertise and experience in a particular domain. They analyse problems, gather information, and offer recommendations or solutions to address specific challenges. Consultants may conduct research, provide strategic insights, develop action plans, or offer training and implementation support. Their role is often more directive and solution-oriented compared to facilitators.


3. Relationship with Clients:

  • Facilitator: Facilitators work closely with groups or teams to support their collective efforts. They establish a collaborative relationship with the participants and act as a process guide rather than an authority figure. Facilitators aim to empower participants and foster ownership of the outcomes within the group.

  • Consultant: Consultants typically engage with clients on a contractual basis. They are brought in as external experts to provide objective analysis, advice, and solutions. The relationship between consultants and clients is often more formal, with clearly defined deliverables and expectations. Consultants may have limited involvement with the client beyond the agreed-upon scope of work.


It's worth noting that there can be overlap between the roles of facilitator and consultant in certain situations. For example, a consultant may also facilitate group discussions as part of their consulting process. Likewise, a facilitator may provide insights or recommendations based on their facilitation experience. The specific context and requirements of a given project or engagement will determine the emphasis and responsibilities of the facilitator or consultant.

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